Referencing Home page

Why reference?

The purpose of referencing is to enable others to find the information that you have used in your assignment.

You MUST cite and reference all the information that you have used in the main text of your assignment. It is important to acknowledge the work of others if you have referred to it in your assignments; if you do not, you will be accused of Plagiarism.

References List Format

ALL sources that have been mentioned in the main text need to be listed, alphabetically, in the referencing section using the correct format as listed in this guide. If you have two or more authors with the same name you list them in alphabetical order according to the author’s first name:

Authors same surname

Mullins, L. J. (2007) Management and organisational behaviour. 8th ed., Harlow: Financial Times Prentice Hall.

Mullins, R. (2007) ‘iPhone: why one little gadget matters so much.’ Network World, 24(50) p. 33.

Single and multiple authors

If you have a single author, where the surname is the same but the publication year is different the sources should be listed in chronological order with the earliest publication first.

Citation: No author

If the piece of work states ‘Anonymous’ or ‘Anon’ on the title page then cite the item as follows:

Anonymous/Anon, and the date of publication.

There was great speculation about the author of Primary Colours (Anonymous, 1996).

Direct Quotes

When citing a direct quote from a source with no author you would present the quote in the correct format for the type of source (i.e. for a book, journal, webpage etc.).

For all other examples of sources where no author’s name or organisation’s name is present use the following format:

Citation: No author, No date

It is not always possible to locate an author’s name on the source (Author unknown, 2008)

DIRECT QUOTES When citing a direct quote from a source with an unknown author you would present the citation in the correct format for the type of source (i.e. for a book, journal, webpage etc.)

Referencing: No Author

Depending on the source that you had used you would replace the author/ organisation’s name with either ‘Anonymous’ or ‘Author unknown’ as follows:

BOOK EXAMPLE: Anonymous. (1996) Primary Colours. New York: Vintage.

JOURNAL EXAMPLE (FICTONAL): Author unknown. (2008) ‘Writing anonymously to protect sources.’ Unknown publications, 24 (3) pp.34‐54.

Referencing guidance